Brazilian's integration policies and the public budget: a study of the main intersection factors within the migration governance framework

Autores/as

  • Luísa Chaloub Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
  • Sidney Guerra

Resumen

The main focus of this paper is to analyse Brazilian’s integration policies and their relationship with the public budget within the migration governance framework, making a brief study of the main intersection factors. Other than that, it also tries to understand, throughout a historical and contextual reconstruction, the main political and economic reasons that shaped the models of governance and the consequent decision to design and implement the integration policies. In this scenario, the contextualist-historical method is adopted, as it is the most suitable and reliable for understanding and better assessing the topic, in order the anticipate the epistemological issues that could arise from this work. Besides that, an interdisciplinary comparative analysis is also necessary. The approach that is not concerned with mobilizing legal theory or the cultural context of its objects is not capable of producing nothing but theoretical constructions allegedly scientific and, at worst, wrong conclusions. This paper outlines an unprecedented and necessary strategy for addressing this subject in order to fill the existing literature gap in the field, both in terms of topic and methodology. Through an interdisciplinary approach, this paper intends to build valuable and applicable considerations regarding the topic.

 

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Biografía del autor/a

Luísa Chaloub, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

 

Citas

AGUIAR, R. O governo de Jair Bolsonaro e o impacto sobre refugiados no Brasil. Publicado em outubro 27, 2020. PUCMINAS. Conjuntura. 2021. Available at: https://pucminasconjuntura.wordpress.com/2020/10/27/o-governo-de-jair-bolsonaro-e-o-impacto-sobre-refugiados-no-brasil/. Access in: 12/08/2022.

BECKSTEIN, H. Evaluación de la Evidencia: Cambio Climático y Migración en el Perú. Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research. IOM, Geneva. 2020. Available at https://peru.iom.int/sites/peru/files/Documentos/ UMMC_MIGRACION_CC_PERU_GLOBAL.pdf. Access in: 07/07/2022.

BERGMANN, M. International Migration, Evolving Trends from Early Twentieth Century to Present. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 2020. Available at www.cambridge.org/core/books/international-migration/60893845 597CB52B99F9C3ECC72199ED. Access in: 07/07/2022.

BRAZIL. Casa Civil. Governo Federal. “Sobre a operação acolhida”. About Operation Welcome. Available at: https://www.gov.br/casacivil/pt-br/acolhida/sobre-a-operacao-acolhida-2. Access in: 13/05/2022.

BRAZIL. Constituição da República Federativa do Brasil de 1988. Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil of 1988. Available at: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/constituicao/constituicao.htm. Access in: 08/07/2022.

BRAZIL. Plataforma Regional de Coordenação Interagencial R4V (Response for Venezuelans). Available at: https://www.r4v.info/pt/brazil. Access in: 07/07/2022.

BRAZIL. Supreme Court. Habeas Corpus 94.016, Celso de Mello, 2009. Available at: https://portal.stf.jus.br/processos/detalhe.asp?incidente=2601323. Access in: 08/07/2022.

BRAZIL. Supreme Court. Habeas Corpus 94.477, Gilmar Mendes, 2012. Available at: https://portal.stf.jus.br/processos/detalhe.asp?incidente=2611959. Access in: 08/07/2022.

BRAZIL. Supreme Court. Recurso Especial 1.018.911, Luiz Fux, 2021. Available at: https://portal.stf.jus.br/processos/detalhe.asp?incidente=5115280https://portal.stf.jus.br/processos/detalhe.asp?incidente=2601323. Access in: 08/07/2022.

CAMPOS DUTRA, D. Multiculturalismo e Direito no País das Minorias Invisíveis: Fundamentos e Proposições para uma Nova Leitura da Identidade Constitucional Brasileira. Multiculturalism and Law in the Country of Invisible Minorities: Foundations and Propositions for a New Reading of Brazilian Constitutional Identity. Revista do Direito, (53), 67-91. 2017. Original in Brazilian Portuguese. Available at: https://doi.org/10.17058/rdunisc.v3i53.10477. Access in: 07/07/2022. P. 85.

CARNEIRO, C. Curso de Direito Tributário e Financeiro. 8. Ed. São Paulo: Saraiva. 2019.

CARNEIRO. C. Compliance e Boa Governança (Pública e Privada). Curitiba: Juruá. 2018.

CARRERA, S; INELI, M; LINA, C; BRUMAT, V. CEPS Policy Insights No 2022-09. The EU Grants Temporary Protection for People Fleeing War in Ukraine. Time to rethink unequal solidarity in EU asylum policy. 2022. Available at: https://www.ceps.eu/ceps-publications/eu-grants-temporary-protection-for-people-fleeing-war-in-ukraine/. Access in: 12/05/2022.

Carta Capital. News: “Sai do meu país!”: agressão a refugiado expõe a xenofobia no Brasil. 2019. Available at: https://www.cartacapital. com.br/politica/saia-do-meu-pais-agressao-a-refugiado-no-rio-expoe-a-xenofobia-no-brasil. Access in: 06/09/2022.

CARVALHO DE VASCONCELOS, R.; CAMPOS DUTRA, D. Direito Comparado e Política: Reflexões Necessárias, Comparative Law and Politics: Some Reflections Needed. Brazilian Journal of International Law 17, no. 1 (April 2020): 42-56. P. 43. Original in Brazilian Portuguese. Available at: https://www.publicacoesacademicas.uniceub.br/rdi/article/view/6241 Access in: 07/07/2022.

CLARO, C. Do Estatuto do Estrangeiro à Lei de Migração: Avanços e Expectativas. From the Foreigner Statute to the Migration Law: Advances and Expectations. 2020. Available at: http://repositorio.ipea.gov.br/bitstream/11058/9820/1/BEPI_n26_Estatuto.pdf. Access in: 06/07/2022.

Colloquium on the International Protection of Refugees in Central America, Mexico and Panama. Regional Refugee Instruments & Related, Cartagena Declaration on Refugees. 22 November 1984. Available at: https://www.oas.org/dil/1984_cartagena_declaration_on_refugees.pdf. Access in: 13/05/2022.

DURIEUX, J-F. The Scope of Refugee Protection. Ch.37 Temporary Protection and Temporary Refuge. In: Cathryn Costello, Michelle Foster, Jane McAdam. The Oxford Handbook of International Refugee Law. 3 June of 2021. Available in: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. Access in: 20 May 2022.

EUROPEAN UNION. Council of the European Union. Press release, 2618th Council Meeting Justice and Home Affairs. Council conclusions. Brussels, 19 November 2004. P. 15. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/migrant-integration/library-document/common-basic-principles-immigrant-integration-policy-eu_en. Access in: 10/05/2022

FAIOLA, A.; NOACK, R.; ADAM, K. Suddenly welcoming, Europe opens the door to refugees fleeing Ukraine. The Washington Post. Available at: https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2022/02/28/ukraine-refugees-europe/. Access in: 13/05/2022.

FERRAJOLI, L. Derechos y garantias: la ley del más débil. Madrid: Trotta, 2006.

FISCHEL, J. Regional Refugee Regimes: Latin America. In: Cathryn Costello, Michelle Foster, Jane McAdam. The Oxford Handbook of International Refugee Law. 3 June of 2021. Available in: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. Access in: 20 May 2022. P. 18.

FREIER, F.L.; GAUCI, J.P. Refugee Rights Across Regions: A Comparative Overview of Legislative Good Practices in Latin America and the EU’, Refugee Survey Quarterly, 39(3), 2020. P. 321–362.

GAMMELTOFT-HANSEN, T.; FEITH TAN, N. Access to Protection and International Responsibility-Sharing, Ch.27 Extraterritorial Migration Control and Deterrence. In: Cathryn Costello, Michelle Foster, Jane McAdam. The Oxford Handbook of International Refugee Law. 3 June of 2021. Available in: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. Access in: 20 May 2022.

GOULART, A. Revisitando a espanhola: A gripe pandêmica de 1918 no Rio de Janeiro. História, Ciências, Saúde - Manguinhos, 12(1), 101-142. 2021. P. 120.

Government of Poland. Poland in Nigeria. News. Important notice: crossing Ukrainian-Polish border. Available at: https://www.gov.pl/web/nigeria-en/important-notice-crossing-ukrainian-polish-border. Access in: 13/05/2022.

GUERRA, S. Direitos humanos: curso elementar. 5. Ed. São Paulo: Saraiva, 2017.

GUERRA, S.; CARNEIRO, C. Direitos Sociais x orçamento público: possibilidades e limites. GOVERNET. BOLETIM DO ORÇAMENTO E FINANÇAS, v. 181, 2020. P. 423-433.

GUERRA, S.; EMERIQUE, L. Minority rights and vulnerable groups. Ijuí: Unijuí, 2008.

HANKIR, H.; RABAH, H. Arab refugees see double standards in Europe's embrace of Ukrainians. Reuters. Available at: https://www.reuters.com/world/arab-refugees-see-double-standards-europes-embrace-ukrainians-2022-03-02/. Access in: 13/05/2022.

HOLMES, S.; SUSTEIN, R. The Cost of Rights. Why liberty depends on taxes. New York – London: Norton & Company. 2012. Pag. 15-48.

IBDR+IDA. World Bank. Migration and Development Brief 34: Resilience: COVID-19 Crisis Through a Migration Lens. KNOMAD, World Bank, Washington, D.C. 2020. Available at www.knomad.org/publication/migrationand- development-brief-34. Access in: 07/07/2022.

KOLDINSKÁ, K. ILO Pioneering on Domestic Workers – Migrant Women Issues. Hungarian Journal of Legal Studies 59, No 4, pp. 420–431 (2018) DOI: 10.1556/2052.2018.59.4.6. P. 420.

KOO, J. Protecting Ukrainians fleeing to the EU … but for how long? European Law Blog. News and Comments on EU Law. 10 March of 2022. Available at: https://europeanlawblog.eu/2022/03/10/protecting-ukrainians-fleeing-to-the-eu-but-for-how-long/ Access in: 13/05/2022.

MCAULIFFE, M.; TRIANDAFYLLIDOU, A. (eds.), 2021. World Migration Report 2022. International Organization for Migration (IOM), Geneva, p. 14. Available at: https://publications.iom.int/books/world-migration-report-2022. Access in: 12/05/2022.

MIXED MIGRATION CENTRE. The Mixed Migration Centre . What is mixed migration? Available at: https://mixedmigration.org/about/. Access in: 20/05/2022

OLIVEIRA, F. Morte e Vida da Constituição Dirigente. Rio de Janeiro: Lumen Juris. 2010. p. 213.

Regional Refugee Instruments & Related, Brazil Declaration and Plan of Action, 3 December 2014 Available at: https://www.unhcr.org/brazil-declaration.html. Access in: 13/05/2022.

Regional Refugee Instruments & Related, Mexico Declaration and Plan of Action to Strengthen International Protection of Refugees in Latin America, 16 November 2004. Available at: https://www.unhcr.org/455443b30.pdf. Access in: 13/05/2022.

Regional Refugee Instruments, San José Declaration on Refugees and Displaced Persons, 7 December 1994. Available at: https://www.refworld.org/docid/4a54bc3fd.html. Access in: 13/05/2022.

TENDAYI ACHIUME; E. Part I International Refugee Law— Reflections on the Scholarly Field, Ch.2 Race, Refugees, and International Law. In: Cathryn Costello, Michelle Foster, Jane McAdam. The Oxford Handbook of International Refugee Law. 3 June of 2021. Available in: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. Access in: 20 May 2022.

UEBEL, R.; BRÍGIDO, E.; RIBEIRO, V. Evolução da governança migratória no Brasil: desafios teóricos, mudanças normativas e ecos sociais de sentimentos xenofóbicos. Ideias, Campinas, SP, v.11, 1-30 , 2020.

UFRGS. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. A plataforma migracidades. The Platform migracidades. Available at: https://www.ufrgs.br/migracidades/. Access in: 09/05/2022.

UN General Assembly. Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, 28 July 1951, United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 189, p. 137. Available at: https://www.refworld.org/docid/3be01b964.html. Access in: 07/07/2022.

UN General Assembly. Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UNGA, 1948).

UNITED NATIONS. A/RES/70/1 - Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The central reference to migration is made in Target 10.7 to facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies. Available at: https://sdgs.un.org/2030agenda. Access in: 12/05/2022.

UNITED NATIONS. A/RES/73/195 - the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) - Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 19 December 2018, p. 1. Available at: https://refugeesmigrants.un.org/sites/default/files/180711_final_draft_0.pdf. Access in: 12/05/2022

UNITED NATIONS. ACNUR/UNHCR. Conheça a estratégia que já transformou a vida de 50 mil refugiados e migrantes venezuelanos no Brasil. Discover the strategy that has already transformed the lives of 50,000 Venezuelan refugees and migrants in Brazil. Available at: https://www.acnur.org/portugues/2021/04/20/conheca-a-estrategia-que-ja-transformou-a-vida-de-50-mil-refugiados-e-migrantes-venezuelanos-no-brasil/ . Access in: 13/05/2022.

UNITED NATIONS. ACNUR/UNHCR. Temas específicos: interiorização. Specific topics: interiorization. Available at: https://www.acnur.org/portugues/temas-especificos/interiorizacao/. Access in: 13/05/2022.

UNITED NATIONS. IOM. Integration of Venezuelan and Haitian Beneficiaries of IOM Cash-Based Intervention Programming in Brazil Key Findings from the Application of the IOM / IPL Migrant Integration Index Study Brief. 2022. Available at: https://brazil.iom.int/sites/g/files/tmzbdl1496/files/documents/study-brief-integration-of-venezuelan-and-haitian.pdf. Access in: 29/08/2022.

UNITED NATIONS. IOM’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC). Global Migration Data Portal. Migration Data and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Available at: https://www.migrationdataportal.org/sdgs?node=0. Access in 09/05/2022.

UNITED NATIONS. IOM’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC). Global Migration Data Portal. Migration Policies and Governance. Last updated on 29 September 2021. Available at: https://www.migrationdataportal.org/ar/themes/migrationspolitik-und-regierungsfuehrung. Access in 09/05/2022.

UNITED NATIONS. IOM’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC). Global Migration Data Portal. Migration Governance Framework. Available at: https://www.iom.int/sites/g/files/tmzbdl486/files/about-iom/migof_brochure_a4_en.pdf. Access in 09/05/2022.

UNITED NATIONS. OIM. The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2021. New York. Available at https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/report/2021/The-Sustainable-Development-Goals-Report-2021.pdf. Access in: 12/05/2022.

UNITED NATIONS. UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Brasilia Declaration on the Protection of Refugees and Stateless Persons in the Americas, 11 November 2010. Available at: https://www.unhcr.org/protection/basic/4cdd3fac6/brasilia-declaration-protection-refugees-stateless-persons-americas-brasilia.html. Access in: 13/05/2022.

UNITED NATIONS. UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). Vulnerability Screening Tool. Identifying and addressing vulnerability: a tool for asylum and migration systems. Available at: https://www.unhcr.org/protection/detention/57fe30b14/unhcr-idc-vulnerability-screening-tool-identifying-addressing-vulnerability.html. Access in: 20/05/2022.

UNITED NATIONS. UNHCR. Empoderando refugiadas. Empowering refugees. Available at: https://www.acnur.org/portugues/empoderando-refugiadas/. Access in: 21/07/2022.

UNITED NATIONS. UNHCR. Limites e desafios à integração local de refugiadas, refugiados e pessoas migrantes da Venezuela interiorizadas durante a pandemia de Covid-19. Limits and challenges to the local integration of refugees, refugees and migrants from Venezuela internalized during the Covid-19 Pandemic. 2021. Available at: https://www.acnur.org/portugues/wp-content/uploads/2021/12/Sumario-Executivo-Limites-e-desafios-a-integracao-local-de-refugiadas-refugiados-e-pessoas-migrantes-da-Venezuela-interiorizadas-durante-a-pandemia-de-Covid-19-dez.2021.pdf. Access in: 21/07/2022.

WHO. World Health Organization. Director-General’s opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID19 on 11 March 2020. Available at: https://www.who.int/director-general/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020#:~:text=WHO%20has%20been%20assessing%20this,to%20use%20lightly%20or%20carelessly. Access in: 07/07/2022.

ZIZEK, S. El coronavirus es un golpe al capitalismo a lo Kill Bill... In P. Amadeo (Org), Sopa de Wuhan: pensamiento contemporaneo en tiempos de pandemias (p. 21-28). Buenos Aires: Aspo Editorial. 2020. P. 22.

Descargas

Publicado

2022-12-28

Cómo citar

Chaloub, L. y Guerra, S. (2022) «Brazilian’s integration policies and the public budget: a study of the main intersection factors within the migration governance framework», Cadernos de Dereito Actual, (19), pp. 56–74. Disponible en: https://cadernosdedereitoactual.es/ojs/index.php/cadernos/article/view/838 (Accedido: 30 enero 2023).