Fernanda Tonetto, Sidney Guerra


Although international law has origins that go back to the old law of the people, it can be said that its modern facet, which places the individual at the center of its protection spectrum, is born in a later period. If the first roots of the new international law begin to emerge at the end of the 19th century, with the emergence of international humanitarian law, it can be stated, on the other hand, that the second post-war is a milestone for new paradigms of international law, especially because of the entry on stage of a new institution: humanity. This is the historical moment in which the United Nations protection system is inaugurated and a normative construction initiated with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, from which emerges a whole jurisprudential construction coming from the International and Regional Courts. In this context, the following research aims to analyze the system of protection of human rights inaugurated by the creation of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as to extract from it the most important values belonging to the human community as a whole. To reach the proposed objective, the historical procedure method will be used, by an evolutionary analysis of conventional constructions and jurisprudential. The hypothetical-deductive method of approach will also be used, which is based on the hypothesis that humankind has absolute and universal values to be protected by this system.

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